Mallorca is the largest island of the Balearics and covers an area of 3500 square kilometers.
The island itself has a pretty interesting history with evidences of being inhabited since prehistoric times. It seems that the archaeological timeline goes back to 5000 B.C., a period in which people were capable of constructing dwellings of stone and maintaining a primitive agriculture which included the domestication of animals.
Historical evidence also suggests that the early inhabitants of Mallorca have manufactured jewelry, tools and pottery which they seem to have also traded with the Phoenicians.
The Balearics, including Mallorca were occupied by the Moors for about 300 years after their invasion in the 8th century and evidence of the Moorish occupation can still be seen today not only at historical sites, but also within the local gastronomy, culture and traditions.
After the island was reconquered by the Christians in the 13th century, Mallorca had a rather interesting historical period as after 1276 the kingdom of Mallorca was formed and it included both the island of Mallorca but also mainland territories belonging currently to Spain and France. The capital of the kingdom was in Perpignan (France).
Less than a century later, in 1343 Mallorca was returned under the crown of Aragon and because it’s always been a major trade route it flourished until the discovery of the America’s which triggered the alteration of some major trade routes and started to affect the prosperity of Mallorca.
Within the 1950’s Mallorca began to consolidate itself as a worldwide travel destination and while most of the tourists come to Mallorca for the sunny beaches, within the recent years and with proper marketing a wide range of new tourism sectors have become interested in Mallorca, making the island an attractive destination outside the summer season as well.
The new tourism sectors that appeal nowadays are the following:
- Agro-tourism – the volume of agro-touristic ranches and rural hotels increased over the past decade as these offer true piece and relaxation away from the noisy resorts;
- Cultural travel – the vast cultural and historical heritage makes Mallorca an interesting place for any educated person;
- Cycling – starting with mid February and up until mid May the island of Mallorca becomes a popular destination for tens of thousands of cyclists from all over the world;
- Hiking – the Serra de Tramuntana mountains offer the perfect alternative to the sandy beaches for those seeking astonishing views from up above;
- Medical travel – with some of the best private hospitals in Europe, and part of a country that has the third best healthcare system in the world, it’s understandable why Mallorca has become a popular destination for those seeking medical attention.
Well this kinda wraps up the info about Mallorca, a great island with a lot to offer.